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Historical Overview
Mining Economics
Colliery Overview

Mining Techniques
Support Systems
Coal Transport
Safety and Rescue
Miners Lives
Miners Strikes


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Mining Techniques

In the early days coal was obtained by digging it from where it appeared on the surface. Later the first small mines were sunk known as ‘bell pits’.  

As mining techniques constantly improved, working into deeper seams became possible. Different extraction methods were developed depending upon the geological formations of the coal. The three methods of extraction are opencast, drift, and deep mine. Each method requires different mining techniques and tools.

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How coal was mined How coal was mined: These diagrams show the life-cycle of coal extraction.
Coal extraction methods Coal extraction methods: Due to different geographical formations different techniques were developed and improved to extract coal.
Removing coal from the face Removing coal from the face: it applied different tools during the different period.