Organisation / The War years
During World War I, young miners were needed in the armed forces. Their places were taken by aged men who returned to the industry, or by men in middle life who were exempted by Tribunals on condition that they entered the mines. The government took control of the mines from 1917 to 1921. Coal output was reduced because the miners were not eating enough to sustain them in their heavy work due to poor food rations.
During World War II the government took control of all industry. Due to the shortage of young miners conscripts were drafted in to the industry to increase output. These conscripts were known as "Bevin Boys" after the Minister for Labour at that time Ernest Bevin.
Click the image or highlighted words to see a larger version of the photograph and its description. It may take a while to download.