A Millennium in the Archives of the Staffordshire and Stoke-On-Trent Archive Service

Grant By King Eadwig To His Thegn Aethelnoth Of Land At Deorlaueston (Darlaston) On The River Trent Near Stafford Ad 956


The document is written in a mixture of Latin and Anglo-Saxon

In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. To all to whom (according to) the opinion of Christianity it has been granted by God  the archruler of the sky by his abundant kindness that by the prosperity of this present and passing life with all our efforts we are able by his help to restore the lost and wicked ones. As the psalmist has said speaking thus: "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom." Wherefore I EADWIG king of the Angles and governor and ruler of all the land of Britain [have given] to a certain faithful thegn of mine whom some call by the well known name of AETHELNOTHE some portion of land in a place which is called Deorlavestun, that he may have and possess it as long as he lives and after his own time may leave it to whatsoever heir he will for an eternal inheritance. Let then the aforesaid land be free from every worldly hindrance together with all things duly belonging to it, fields, pastures, meadows, woods, without (except) military service and the construction of bridge or fort.

If anyone shall have tried to destroy this, which God forbid, let him know that he will have to render an account before God and his angels, unless he shall have preferred first to make amends here by full satisfaction. The aforesaid land is surrounded by these boundaries.

These are the land boundaries at Derlauestone. First it adjoins (fehth on) the Trent where the foul brook shoots (scyat) into the Trent, thence along the brook on the opposite side of the stream to the foul ford, from the foul ford to the broad ford, from the broad ford west along the street to the wheat-croft, from the croft to the green hill, from the hill along the valley till it comes to the street at the three (thrym) land boundaries, thence along the way to the dike end, from the dike straight to the short stone, from the stone to the spring (wylle), from the spring to the beautiful vale (foerdene), from the vale so again to the Trent.

This charter was written in the year of our Lord's incarnation DCCCCLVI, in the fourteenth indiction.

William Salt Library (WSL 84/1/41)